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The Life of Jesus

The purpose of this page is to document the life of Jesus.

Pre-existence of Jesus

Cultic theories

Christian Position 

Human Ancestry

Virginal Conception of Jesus

  • Role of the Holy Spirit
  • Role of Mary (Theotokos)
  • Mother of God?
  • Ever-virgin?
  • Role of Joseph/paternity claims
  • Roles of other relatives/John the Baptist
  • Jewish claims
  • Historical Records of the Life of Jesus
  • Gospels 3 + 1
  • Comparable historical people contemporary records
  • Josephus
  • Tacitus
  • Early Church Writers

Birth of Jesus

  • Dating the Birth of Jesus
  • Christmas and Dec 25th
  • Naming of Jesus
  • Humble beginnings
  • Betrothal v. marriage
  • Visitors
  • Wise Men
  • Shepherds
  • Little Drummer Boy? Other cultural urban legends
  • Death of the Sons/Herod
  • About Bethlehem
  • Circumcision
  • Resources: Raymond E. Brown, "The Birth of the Messiah"
  • Protoevangelium of James

Youth of Jesus

  • Flight to Egypt (Moses parallels)
  • Life in Nazareth
  • Visit to Jerusalem at 12 – self-perception
  • Pre-ministry
  • Did Jesus visit Britain, India, North America?
  • Was Jesus Married?
  • Temptation by Satan
  • Wedding at Canaan
  • Way paving ministry of John the Baptist
  • Half-Brothers and Half-sisters of Jesus (Perpetual Virginity of Mary?)

Calling of Jesus

  • Age at calling about 30 years
  • Adoptionism rejected
  • Baptism of Jesus
  • Role of John the Baptist
  • Role of God the Father
  • Names/Titles of Jesus during His lifetime

Ministry of Jesus

  • Geography of Israel and the life of Jesus
    • Roman Rulership worldwide
    • Hostile territories
    • Friendly territories
    • Status of Galileans
  • Parties at the time
    • Saducees
    • Pharisees
    • Levites
    • Scribes
    • Lawyers
    • Romans
    • Other Gentiles
    • Others
    • Christians as a new party?
  • The Apostles
    • Callings of the Apostle's Relatives, prior relationships?
    • Previous vocations of ApostlesFishermen, tax collectors, publicans
    • Seventy others also
    • On the job training
    • Commissioning
    • Paul - a special case
    • The harvest metaphor
    • We could not heal this one
    • Down to twelve then zero at the end
    • Cost of discipleship
    • Role of women
  • Three Year Chart
  • Jesus as Wisdom, Servant, Prophet, Priest and King
  • Ministry to Women
  • Ministry to Children
  • Ministry to Gentiles
    • Faith of Gentiles
    • Healing of Gentiles
    • Preaching to Gentiles
    • OT relationship to Gentiles
  • Overlapping Ministry of John the Baptist
  • Claims of Jesus about Himself
    • Testimony of God the Father and The Holy Spirit
    • Testimonies of other people
  • Teachings of Jesus
    • Worldview of Jesus
    • Authoritative teaching style
    • Claims of Jesus about God
    • Claims of Jesus about others
    • Public/private distinction
    • Themes of teachings
    • Forgiveness
    • Brotherhood of man 
    • Marriage/divorce
    • Church Discipline
    • Parables of Jesus
    • Purpose of using parables
    • Categories of parables
    • Hard Words of Jesus
    • Christianity as the New Law
    • Moses / Jesus parallels in ministry
    • Questions by scribes, Pharisees, and Saducees
    • Relationship of Jesus to OT Law
      • Corn eating by Apostles
      • Healings on the Sabbath
      • The ten commandments affirmed or repealed?
    • Teachings of Jesus on the Holy Spirit
    • Important textual variant
      • Ending of Mark
      • Woman caught in adultery – John 8
    • Preaching of Jesus
    • Casting out of demons
    • Forgiveness of sins
    • Misc Miracles
      • Curse of the tree
      • Stilling the wind
      • Feeding of 4000 or 5000?
      • Walking on the water
    • Relationship of Jesus and the Temple
      • Cleansing of the temple
      • Temple as His Body, His Body as Temple
      • Temple taxes and Jesus
    • Spiritual Disciplines of Jesus
      • Prayer life
      • Fasting
      • Money for the poor
    • Transfiguration
    • Lord’s Supper and Baptism ordinances to church  (Picture)
    • Reactions of other people
      • Family members

Death of Jesus

  • Triumphal Entry
  • Lord’s Supper commemorative event?
  • Plots to kill Jesus
  • Previous attempts to kill Jesus
  • His own death was forseen by Jesus – response of Apostles
  • Betrayal
    • Pre-ordained

Resurrection of Jesus

Background

The primary accounts of the resurrection of Christ are contained in the four gospel accounts of the event. These are the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These four books each claim to be written by eyewitnesses to the resurrection, or by those who knew the eyewitnesses and interviewed some number of them.

What's the Problem That We Are Trying To Solve?

There have been claims made that the resurrection accounts can not be reconciled with each other. If they are proven to be based on false witnesses, the account of the resurrection is put in jeopardy and the whole of the Christian faith crumbles.

The apostle Paul himself said the same thing:

1 Cor 15:14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. 16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: 17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. 18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. 19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

The resurrection account must be historical for Christianity to be true.

Present Day Ministry of Jesus

  • Warnings about the present age from Jesus
    • Persecution
    • Divisions
    • False teachers
    • False prophets

Ascension of Jesus

  • Right Hand of God
  • Clouds of Heaven
  • Ancient of Days


Predictions about future by Jesus

    • "This generation"
  • The Great Tribulation/Jacob’s Trouble
  • Second Coming
    • Rapture theories
  • Millennial theories

Resources