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Luke 1:5

Luke 1:5 In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah; and he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.

Herod, king of Judea 37–4 BCE

  • Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 BCE—died March/April, 4 BCE, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 BCE) (ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA|).

Priest - Zacharias, of the division of Abijah

  • Priest named Zacharias. Would have been known at that time.

Order of Abijah

Nehemiah 12:4 lists Abijah as one of the 21 priests who returned with Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and with Joshua.

Neh 12:1-7 Now these are the priests and the Levites who came up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, Amariah, Malluch, Hattush, Shecaniah, Rehum, Meremoth, Iddo, Ginnethoi, Abijah, Mijamin, Maadiah, Bilgah, Shemaiah and Joiarib, Jedaiah, Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah and Jedaiah. These were the heads of the priests and their [fn]kinsmen in the days of Jeshua.

Luke 2:1

Luke 2:1 Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all [fn]the inhabited earth.

Caesar Augustus

  • Augustus, also called Augustus Caesar or (until 27 BCE) Octavian, original name Gaius Octavius, adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, (born September 23, 63 BCE—died August 19, 14 CE, Nola, near Naples [Italy]), first Roman emperor ([ ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA|)

Luke 2:2

Quirinius was governor of Syria